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Complete List of Publications by Ted Garland (Theodore Garland, Jr.)

Inquiry-Based Middle School Lesson Plan -- "Born to Run: Artificial Selection Lab"
PDF version

Fail Lab: Episode One, Evolution - featuring Ted Garland
https://testtube.com/faillab
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0msBWyTzU0
This series is targeted at teenagers and intended to impart information while also raising enthusiasm for science. The creators hope to be funded by Discover's TestTube for further such efforts, so please share the link, Like on Facebook, etc.
Here are some web commentaries: http://asymptotia.com/2013/09/17/fail-lab/;

News Stories, Commentaries, and Popular Articles

Videos on the High Runner Mice:
     Video of Mice Running on Wheel (Girard et al. 2001)
     Garland Public Lecture on "Born to Run: Evolution of Hyperactivity in Mice" 29 Oct. 2009
     Dr. Garland discussing "How to run far: Multiple solutions and sex-specific responses to selective breeding ..."    PDF file
     Dr. Garland discussing the High Runner mice in a short video
     YouTube Channel

Stories on the Selected Mice as Exercise Addicts:
"Fit and dim?" by Lee Dye for ABCNews.com
ScienCentral.com
Sciencemag.org or view PDF file here
       Holden, C. 2001.‘Behavioral ’Addictions: Do They Exist? Science 294:980-982.
http://www.news.wisc.edu/9208.html

Other Stories on the Selected Mice:
Focus on "Lifelong voluntary exercise in the mouse prevents age-related alterations in gene expression in the heart"
"Running mice are leaner" by Henry Gee for Nature
"Fitness fanatic or couch potato? Blame your DNA" by Christie Aschwanden for the Los Angeles Times

Textbook Features on our Research:
Box on phylogenetically independent contrasts in 2004 Evolutionary Analysis text by Freeman and Herron
Two-page Box on the mouse selection experiment in 2006 Comparative Physiology text by Moyes and Schulte

Two-pages on the mouse selection experiment in 2014 Evolutionary Analysis text by Herron and Freeman (with contributions by Hodin, Miner, Sidor)
Page discussing a selection experiment on mouse maternal aggression by Stephen Gammie that Ted helped with in 2014 Evolutionary Analysis text by Herron and Freeman

Table of Contents for:
Garland, T., Jr., and M. R. Rose, eds. 2009. Experimental evolution: concepts, methods, and applications
    of selection experiments. University of California Press, Berkeley, California. xvii + 730 pages.
***** PDFs of the chapters are available from the authors or from me. *****

Perform PubMed search for 'Garland T Jr.'
(this gets some others in addition to me, but it's a start)

Google Scholar Citations Profile:
http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=iSSbrhwAAAAJ

Theses

Garland, T., Jr. 1980. Mojave desert rodent populations in relation to a roadside habitat.
        M.S. thesis, University of Nevada-Las Vegas. 122 pp.
Garland, T., Jr. 1985. Physiological and ecological correlates of locomotory performance and
        body size in lizards. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California-Irvine. 210 pp.

Articles

  1.  Garland, T., Jr. 1983. The relation between maximal running speed and body mass in terrestrial mammals.
        Journal of Zoology, London 199:157-170.  [PDF file]
  2.  Garland, T., Jr. 1983. Scaling the ecological cost of transport to body mass in terrestrial mammals.

        American Naturalist 121:571-587.   [PDF file]
  3.  Garland, T., Jr., and S. J. Arnold. 1983. Effects of a full stomach on locomotory performance of
        juvenile garter snakes (Thamnophis elegans). Copeia 1983:1092-1096.   [PDF file]
  4.  Garland, T., Jr., and W. G. Bradley. 1984. Effects of a highway on Mojave desert rodent populations.
        American Midland Naturalist 111:47-56.   [PDF file]
  5.  Garland, T., Jr. 1984. Physiological correlates of locomotory performance in a lizard: an allometric
        approach. American Journal of Physiology 247 (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative
        Physiology 16):R806-R815. Abstract   [PDF file]
        [Ctenosaura similis - Adult Male Head]  [Ctenosaura similis - Ted with 2 in Costa Rica 1981]
  6.  Garland, T., Jr. 1985. Ontogenetic and individual variation in size, shape, and speed in the Australian
        agamid lizard Amphibolurus nuchalis. Journal of Zoology, London (A) 207:425-439. [PDF file]
  7.  John-Alder, H. B., T. Garland, Jr., and A. F. Bennett. 1986. Locomotory capacities, oxygen
        consumption, and the cost of locomotion of the Shingle-back lizard (Trachydosaurus rugosus).
        Physiological Zoology 59:523-531.   [PDF file]
  8.  Garland, T., Jr., and P. L. Else. 1987. Seasonal, sexual, and individual variation in endurance and
        activity metabolism in lizards. American Journal of Physiology 252 (Regulatory, Integrative
        and Comparative Physiology 21):R439-R449.  Abstract   [PDF file]
  9.  Garland, T., Jr., P. L. Else, A. J. Hulbert, and P. Tap. 1987. Effects of endurance training and captivity
        on activity metabolism of lizards. American Journal of Physiology 252 (Regulatory, Integrative
        and Comparative Physiology 21):R450-R456.  Abstract   [PDF file]
10.  Garland, T., Jr., and R. B. Huey. 1987. Testing symmorphosis: Does structure match functional
        requirements? Evolution 41:1404-1409. [PDF file]
11.  Garland, T., Jr. 1988. Genetic basis of activity metabolism. I. Inheritance of speed, stamina, and
        antipredator displays in the garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. Evolution 42:335-350. [PDF file]
12.  Garland, T., Jr., F. Geiser, and R. V. Baudinette. 1988. Comparative locomotor performance of
        marsupial and placental mammals. Journal of Zoology, London 215:505-522.  [PDF file]
13.  Hertz, P. E., R. B. Huey, and T. Garland, Jr. 1988. Time budgets, thermoregulation, and maximal
        locomotor performance: are ectotherms Olympians or Boy Scouts? American Zoologist 28:927-938.
        [PDF file]

14.  Djawdan, M., and T. Garland, Jr. 1988. Maximal running speeds of bipedal and quadrupedal rodents.
        Journal of Mammalogy 69:765-772.   [PDF file]
15.  van Berkum, F. H., R. B. Huey, J. S. Tsuji, and T. Garland, Jr. 1989. Repeatability of individual
        differences in locomotor performance and body size during early ontogeny of the lizard
        Sceloporus occidentalis (Baird & Girard). Functional Ecology 3:97-105.   [PDF file]
16.  Bennett, A. F., T. Garland, Jr., and P. L. Else. 1989. Individual correlation of morphology, muscle
        mechanics and locomotion in a salamander. American Journal of Physiology 256
        (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 25):R1200-R1208.  Abstract   [PDF file]
17.  Tsuji, J. S., R. B. Huey, F. H. van Berkum, T. Garland, Jr., and R. G. Shaw. 1989. Locomotor
        performance of hatchling fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis): quantitative genetics and
        morphometric correlates. Evolutionary Ecology 3:240-252.  [PDF file]
18.  MacMillen, R. E., and T. Garland, Jr. 1989. Adaptive physiology. Pages 143-168 in
        Advances in the Study of Peromyscus (Rodentia), J. N. Layne and G. L. Kirkland, Jr., eds.
        Texas Tech University Press.  [PDF file]
19.  Garland, T. Jr., E. Hankins, and R. B. Huey. 1990. Locomotor capacity and social dominance in
        male lizards. Functional Ecology 4:243-250.  [PDF file]
20.  Garland, T., Jr., A. F. Bennett, and C. B. Daniels. 1990. Heritability of locomotor performance and its
        correlates in a natural population of vertebrates. Experientia 46:530-533.   [PDF file]
21.  Garland, T., Jr., and A. F. Bennett. 1990. Quantitative genetics of maximal oxygen consumption in
        a garter snake. American Journal of Physiology 259 (Regulatory, Integrative and
        Comparative Physiol. 28):R986-R992.   Abstract   [PDF file]
22.  Martins, E. P., and T. Garland, Jr. 1991. Phylogenetic analyses of the correlated evolution
        of continuous characters: a simulation study. Evolution 45:534-557.   [PDF file]
23.  Garland, T., Jr., and S. C. Adolph. 1991. Physiological differentiation of vertebrate populations.
        Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22:193-228.   [PDF file]
24.  Garland, T., Jr., R. B. Huey, and A. F. Bennett. 1991. Phylogeny and thermal physiology in lizards:
        a reanalysis. Evolution 45:1969-1975.   [PDF file]
25.  Hayes, J. P., T. Garland, Jr., and M. R. Dohm. 1992. Individual variation in metabolism and
        reproduction of Mus: are energetics and life history linked? Functional Ecology 6:5-14.  [PDF file]
26.  Friedman, W. A., T. Garland, Jr., and M. R. Dohm. 1992. Individual variation in locomotor behavior
        and maximal oxygen consumption in mice. Physiology & Behavior 52:97-104. Abstract   [PDF file]
27.  Garland, T., Jr., P. H. Harvey, and A. R. Ives. 1992. Procedures for the analysis of comparative data
        using phylogenetically independent contrasts. Systematic Biology 41:18-32.  [PDF file]
28.  Garland, T., Jr. 1992. Rate tests for phenotypic evolution using phylogenetically
        independent contrasts. American Naturalist 140:509-519.  [PDF file]
29.  Garland, T., Jr. 1993. Locomotor performance and activity metabolism of Cnemidophorus tigris in
        relation to natural behaviors. Pages 163-210 in Biology of Whiptail Lizards (Genus Cnemidophorus),
        J. W. Wright and L. J. Vitt, eds. Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman.  [PDF File]
30.  Garland, T., Jr., and C. M. Janis. 1993. Does metatarsal/femur ratio predict maximal running speed in
        cursorial mammals? Journal of Zoology, London 229:133-151.  [PDF file]
31.  Brodie, E. D., III, and T. Garland, Jr. 1993. Quantitative genetics of snake populations. Pages 315-362
        in Snakes: Ecology and Behavior. R. A. Seigel and J. T. Collins, eds. McGraw Hill, New York. [PDF file]
32.  Garland, T., Jr., A. W. Dickerman, C. M. Janis, and J. A. Jones. 1993. Phylogenetic analysis of
        covariance by computer simulation. Systematic Biology 42:265-292.  [PDF file]
33.  Dohm, M. R., and T. Garland, Jr. 1993. Quantitative genetics of scale counts in the garter snake
        Thamnophis sirtalis. Copeia 1993:987-1002.  [PDF File
34.  Purvis, A., and T. Garland, Jr. 1993. Polytomies in comparative analyses of continuous characters.
        Systematic Biology 42:569-575.   [PDF file]
35.  Garland, T., Jr., and P. A. Carter. 1994. Evolutionary physiology.
        Annual Review of Physiology 56:579-621. [PDF file]
36.  Garland, T., Jr. 1994a. Phylogenetic analyses of lizard endurance capacity in relation to body size and
        body temperature. Pages 237-259 (+ references) in Lizard Ecology: Historical and Experimental
        Perspectives, L. J. Vitt and E. R. Pianka, eds. Princeton University Press, Princeton.  [PDF File]
37.  Garland, T., Jr. 1994b. Quantitative genetics of locomotor behavior and physiology in a garter snake.
        Pages 251-277 (+ references) in Quantitative Genetic Studies of Behavioral Evolution,
        C. R. B. Boake, ed. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.  [PDF File]
38.  Garland, T., Jr., and J. B. Losos. 1994. Ecological morphology of locomotor performance in squamate
        reptiles. Pages 240-302 in Ecological Morphology: Integrative Organismal Biology,
        P. C. Wainwright and S. M. Reilly, eds. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.  [PDF File]
39.  Garland, T., Jr., and S. C. Adolph. 1994. Why not to do two-species comparative studies: limitations
        on inferring adaptation. Physiological Zoology 67:797-828.  [PDF file]
40.  Richardson, C. S., M. R. Dohm, and T. Garland, Jr. 1994. Metabolism and thermoregulation in crosses
        between wild and random-bred laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus).
        Physiological Zoology 67:944-975. Abstract
  [PDF file]
41.  Dohm, M. R., C. S. Richardson, and T. Garland, Jr. 1994. Exercise physiology of wild and

        random-bred laboratory house mice and their reciprocal hybrids. American Journal of Physiology
        267 (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiol. 36):R1098-R1108. Abstract  [PDF file]
42.  Garland, T., Jr., T. T. Gleeson, B. A. Aronovitz, C. S. Richardson, and M. R. Dohm. 1995.
        Maximal sprint speeds and muscle fiber composition of wild and laboratory house mice.
        Physiology & Behavior 58:869-876.   Abstract   [PDF file]
43.  Sorci, G., J. G. Swallow, T. Garland, Jr., and J. Clobert. 1995. Quantitative genetics of locomotor
        speed and endurance in the lizard Lacerta vivipara. Physiological Zoology 68:698-720. [PDF file]
44.  Beck, D. D., M. R. Dohm, T. Garland, Jr., A. Ramirez-Bautista, and C. H. Lowe. 1995.
        Locomotor performance and activity energetics of helodermatid lizards. Copeia 1995:586-607. [PDF file]
45.  Hayes, J. P., and T. Garland, Jr. 1995. The evolution of endothermy: testing the aerobic capacity
        model. Evolution 49:836-847. Abstract   [PDF file]
46.  Bauwens, D., T. Garland, Jr., A. M. Castilla, and R. Van Damme. 1995. Evolution of sprint speed in
        lacertid lizards: morphological, physiological, and behavioral covariation. Evolution 49:848-863.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
47.   Díaz-Uriarte, R., and T. Garland, Jr. 1996. Testing hypotheses of correlated evolution using
        phylogenetically independent contrasts: sensitivity to deviations from Brownian motion.
        Systematic Biology 45:27-47. Abstract  [PDF file]
48.   Christian, A., and T. Garland, Jr. 1996. Scaling of limb proportions in monitor lizards
        (Squamata: Varanidae). Journal of Herpetology 30:219-230.  [PDF file]
        Richard E. MacMillen holding a Varanus gouldi (?) in Australia
        Varanus niloticus at the Henry Vilas Zoo Herpetarium
49.  Dohm, M. R., J. P. Hayes, and T. Garland, Jr. 1996. Quantitative genetics of sprint running speed and
        swimming endurance in laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus). Evolution 50:1688-1701.
         Abstract   [PDF file]
50.  Garland, T., Jr., K. L. M. Martin, and R. Díaz-Uriarte. 1997. Reconstructing ancestral trait values
        using squared-change parsimony: plasma osmolarity at the origin of amniotes. Pages 425-501 in
        Amniote Origins: Completing the Transition to Land, S. S. Sumida and K. L. M. Martin, eds.
        Academic Press, San Diego.  [PDF file]
51.  Clobert, J., T. Garland, Jr., and R. Barbault. 1998. The evolution of demographic tactics in lizards:
        a test of some hypotheses concerning life history evolution.
        Journal of Evolutionary Biology 11:329-364.  Abstract   [PDF file]
52.  Garland, T., Jr. 1998. Testing the predictions of symmorphosis: conceptual and methodological issues.
        Pages 40-47 in Principles of Animal Design: The Optimization and Symmorphosis Debate,
        E. R. Weibel, L. Bolis, and C. R. Taylor, eds. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K. [PDF file]
53.  Swallow, J. G., T. Garland, Jr., P. A. Carter, W.-Z. Zhan, and G. C. Sieck. 1998.
        Effects of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice
        (Mus domesticus). Journal of Applied Physiology 84:69-76.   Abstract   [PDF file]
54.  Coleman, M. A., T. Garland, Jr., C. A. Marler, S. S. Newton, J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 1998.
        Glucocorticoid response to forced exercise in laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus).
        Physiology & Behavior 63:279-285.   Abstract   [PDF file]
55.  Dohm, M. R., T. Garland, Jr., C. J. Cole, and C. R. Townsend. 1998. Physiological variation and
        allometry in western whiptail lizards (Cnemidophorus tigris) from a transect across a persistent
        hybrid zone. Copeia 1998:1-13.   Abstract
56.  Wolf, C. M., T. Garland, Jr., and B. Griffith. 1998. Predictors of avian and mammalian translocation
        success: reanalysis with phylogenetically independent contrasts.
        Biological Conservation 86:243-255.  Abstract   [PDF file]
57.  Swallow, J. G., P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1998. Artificial selection for increased wheel-running
        behavior in house mice. Behavior Genetics 28:227-237.   Abstract  [PDF file]
        Pat, Ted, John in 1995
58.  Krugner-Higby, L., A. Gendron, T. Garland, Jr., P. A. Carter, J. G. Swallow, and J. J. Lee. 1998.
        Eosinophylic polymyositis in a mouse.
       
Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science 37:94-97. [PDF file]
59.  Díaz-Uriarte, R., and T. Garland, Jr. 1998. Effects of branch length errors on the performance of
        phylogenetically independent contrasts. Systematic Biology 47:654-672.  Abstract  [PDF file]
60.  Garland, T., Jr, P. E. Midford, and A. R. Ives. 1999. An introduction to phylogenetically based
        statistical methods, with a new method for confidence intervals on ancestral values.
        American Zoologist 39:374-388.  Abstract   [PDF file]
61.  Bonine, K. E., and T. Garland, Jr. 1999. Sprint performance of phrynosomatid lizards, measured on a
        high-speed treadmill, correlates with hindlimb length. Journal of Zoology, London 248:255-265.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
        For some amazing videos of lizards running on a high-speed treadmill, see Bruce C. Jayne's web site!
62.  Koteja, P., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1999. Energy cost of wheel running in
        house mice: implications for coadaptation of locomotion and energy budgets.
        Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 72:238-249.  Abstract  [PDF file]
63.  Garland, T., Jr., and R. Díaz-Uriarte. 1999. Polytomies and phylogenetically independent contrasts:
        an examination of the bounded degrees of freedom approach. Systematic Biology 48:547-558.
       Abstract   [PDF file]
64.  Carter, P. A., T. Garland, Jr., M. R. Dohm, and J. P. Hayes. 1999. Genetic variation and correlations
        between genotype and locomotor physiology in outbred laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus).
        Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 123:155-162. Abstract   [PDF file]
65.  Fournier, F., D. W. Thomas, and T. Garland, Jr. 1999. A test of two hypotheses explaining the
        seasonality of reproduction in temperate mammals. Functional Ecology 13:523-529.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
66.  Garland, T., Jr. 1999. Laboratory endurance capacity predicts variation in field locomotor behaviour
        among lizard species. Animal Behaviour 58:77-83.   Abstract   [PDF file]
67.  Swallow, J. G., P. Koteja, P. A. Carter, T. Garland, Jr. 1999. Artificial selection for increased
        wheel-running activity in house mice results in decreased body mass at maturity.
        Journal of Experimental Biology 202:2513-2520. Abstract  [PDF file] News article by Henry Gee
68.  Koteja, P., T. Garland, Jr., J. K. Sax, J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 1999. Behaviour of house
        mice artificially selected for high levels of voluntary wheel running. Animal Behaviour 58:1307-1318.
        Abstract  [PDF file]
69.  Zhan, W.-Z., J. G. Swallow, T. Garland, Jr., D. N. Proctor, P. A. Carter, and G. C. Sieck. 1999.
        Effects of genetic selection and voluntary activity on the medial gastrocnemius muscle in
        house mice. Journal of Applied Physiology 87:2326-2333. Abstract [PDF file]
70.  Rhodes, J. S., P. Koteja, J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Body temperatures
        of house mice artificially selected for high voluntary wheel-running behavior: repeatability and effect
        of genetic selection. Journal of Thermal Biology 25:391-400. Abstract   [PDF file]
71.  Carter, P. A., J. G. Swallow, Sarah J. Davis, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Nesting behavior of house mice
        (Mus domesticus) selected for increased wheel-running activity.  Abstract  [PDF file]
        Behavior Genetics 30:85-94.
72.  Garland, T., Jr., and A. R. Ives. 2000. Using the past to predict the present: Confidence intervals
        for regression equations in phylogenetic comparative methods. American Naturalist 155:346-364.
         Abstract   [PDF file]
73.  Brashares, J., T. Garland, Jr., and P. Arcese. 2000. Phylogenetic analysis of coadaptation in behavior,
        diet, and body size in the African antelope. Behavioral Ecology 11:452-463.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
74.  Houle-Leroy, P., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and H. Guderley. 2000. Effects of voluntary activity
        and genetic selection on muscle metabolic capacities in house mice Mus domesticus.
        Journal of Applied Physiology 89:1608-1616.  Abstract  [PDF file]
75.  Clobert, J., A. Oppliger, G. Sorci, B. Ernande, J. G. Swallow, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000.
        Trade-offs in phenotypic traits: endurance at birth, growth, survival, predation, and susceptibility to
        parasitism in a lizard, Lacerta vivipara. Functional Ecology 14:675-684. Abstract  [PDF file]
76.  Koteja, P., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Individual variation
        and repeatability of maximum cold-induced energy assimilation in house mice.
        Acta Theriologica 45:455-470.   Abstract  [PDF file]
77.  Koteja, P., and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Response to R. Eikelboom. Animal Behaviour 61:F25-F26.
       [PDF file]
       [Eikelboom, R. 2001. Bins, bouts and wheel running speed. Animal Behaviour 61:679-681.]
78.  Koteja, P., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Maximum cold-induced food
       consumption in mice selected for high locomotor activity: implications for the evolution of endotherm
       energy budgets. Journal of Experimental Biology 204:1177-1190.  Abstract   [PDF file]
79. Lapointe, F.-J., and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. A generalized permutation model for the analysis of
       cross-species data. Journal of Classification 18:109-127.  Abstract   [PDF file]
80.  Kohlsdorf, T., T. Garland, Jr., and C. A. Navas. 2001. Limb and tail lengths in relation to
        substrate usage in Tropidurus lizards. Journal of Morphology 248:151-164.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
81.  Bonine, K. E., T. T. Gleeson, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Comparative analysis of fiber-type
       composition in the iliofibularis muscle of phrynosomatid lizards (Sauria).
       Journal of Morphology 250:265-280.  Abstract   [PDF file]
82.  Cruz-Neto, A. P., T. Garland, Jr., and A. S. Abe. 2001. Diet, phylogeny, and basal metabolic
       rate in phyllostomid bats. Zoology 104:49-58.  [PDF file]
83.  Swallow, J. G., P. Koteja, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Food consumption and body
       composition in mice selected for high wheel-running activity.  Abstract   [PDF file]
       Journal of Comparative Physiology B 171:651-659.
84.  Dumke, C. L., J. S. Rhodes, T. Garland, Jr., E. Maslowski, J. G. Swallow, A.C. Wetter, and
       G. D. Cartee. 2001. Genetic selection of mice for high voluntary wheel-running: effect on skeletal
       muscle glucose uptake. Journal of Applied Physiology 91:1289-1297.   Abstract  [PDF file]
85.  Bronikowski, A. M., P. A. Carter, J. G. Swallow, I. A. Girard, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr.
       2001. Open-field behavior of house mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running.
       Behavior Genetics 31:309-316.  Abstract   [PDF file]
86.  Rhodes, J. S., G. R. Hosack, I. Girard, A. E. Kelley, G. S. Mitchell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001.
       Differential sensitivity to acute administration of cocaine, GBR 12909, and fluoxetine in mice selectively
       bred for hyperactive wheel-running behavior. Psychopharmacology 158:120-131.  Abstract   [PDF file]
87.  Girard, I., M. W. McAleer, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Selection for high voluntary wheel
       running increases intermittency in house mice (Mus domesticus).   [PDF file]
       Journal of Experimental Biology 204:4311-4320.   Movie     See also "In this issue" pages i-ii.
88.  Dohm, M. R., J. P. Hayes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. The quantitative genetics of maximal and
       basal rates of oxygen consumption in mice. Genetics 159:267-277.   Abstract   [PDF file]
89.  Irschick, D. J., and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Integrating function and ecology in studies of adaptation:
       investigations of locomotor capacity as a model system.   Abstract   [PDF file]
       Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32:367-396.
90.  Garland, T., Jr. 2001. Phylogenetic comparison and artificial selection:  two approaches in
       evolutionary physiology. Pages 107-132 in R. C. Roach, P. D. Wagner, and P. H. Hackett, eds.
       Hypoxia: From Genes to the Bedside. Advances in Experimental Biology and Medicine, volume 502.
       Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.  [PDF file]
91.  Perry, G., and T. Garland, Jr. 2002. Lizard home ranges revisited: effects of sex, body size, diet,
       habitat, and phylogeny. Ecology 83:1870-1885.   [PDF file]
       Supplemental material at http://www.esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E083/032/
92.  Thomson, S. L., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 2002. Response of Sod-2 enzyme
       activity to selection for high voluntary wheel running. Heredity 88:52-61.  Abstract  [PDF file]
93.  Girard, I., and T. Garland, Jr. 2002. Plasma corticosterone response to acute and chronic voluntary
       exercise in female house mice. Journal of Applied Physiology 92:1553-1561.   [PDF file]
94.  Girard, I., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, P. Koteja, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2002.
       Maternal-care behavior and life-history traits in house mice (Mus domesticus) artificially
       selected for high voluntary wheel-running activity. Behavioural Processes 57:37-50.  [PDF file]
95.  Garland, T., Jr. 2003. Selection experiments: an underutilized tool in biomechanics and
       organismal biology. Pages 23-56 in V. L. Bels, J.-P. Gasc, and A. Casinos, eds. Vertebrate biomechanics and
       evolution. BIOS Scientific Publishers, Oxford, U.K.   [PDF file]
96.  Garland, T., Jr., M. T. Morgan, J. G. Swallow, J. S. Rhodes, I. Girard, J. G. Belter, and P. A. Carter.
       2002. Evolution of a small-muscle polymorphism in lines of house mice selected for high activity levels.
       Evolution 56:1267-1275.  [PDF file]
97.  Klomberg, K. L., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 2002. Dominance, plasma testosterone
       levels, and testis size in mice artificially selected for high activity levels.
       Physiology & Behavior 77:27-38.   Abstract   [PDF file]
98.  Bronikowski, A. M., T. J. Morgan, T. Garland Jr., and P. A. Carter. 2002. Antioxidant gene expression
       in active and sedentary house house mice (Mus domesticus) selected for high voluntary wheel-running
       behavior. Genetics 161:1763-1769.  [PDF file]
99.  Hutcheon, J. M., J. A. W. Kirsch, and T. Garland, Jr. 2002. A comparative analysis of brain size in relation
       to foraging ecology and phylogeny in the Chiroptera. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 60:165-180.
        Abstract   [PDF file]
100.  Blomberg, S. P., and T. Garland, Jr. 2002. Tempo and mode in evolution: phylogenetic inertia, adaptation
        and comparative methods. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15:899-910.  [PDF file]
101Abbott, D. H., E. B. Keverne, F. B. Bercovitch, C. A Shively, S. P. Mendoza, W. Saltzman, C. T. Snowdon,
         T. E. Ziegler, M. Banjevic, T. Garland, Jr., and R. M. Sapolsky. 2003. Are subordinates always stressed?
         A comparative analysis of rank differences in cortisol levels among primates.
         Hormones and Behavior 43:67–82.  [PDF file]
102.  Houle-Leroy, P., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and H. Guderley. 2003. Artificial selection for high
         activity favors mighty mini-muscles in house mice. American Journal of Physiology
         Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiology 284:R433-R443.   [PDF file]
103.  Morgan, T. J., T. Garland, Jr., and P. A. Carter. 2003. Ontogenies in mice selected for high voluntary
         wheel-running activity. I. Mean ontogenies. Evolution 57:646-657.   [PDF file]
104.  Bronikowski, A. M., P. A. Carter, T. J. Morgan, T. Garland, Jr., N. Ung, T. D. Pugh, R. Weindruch,
         and T. A. Prolla. 2003. Lifelong voluntary exercise in the mouse prevents age-related alterations in gene
         expression in the heart. Physiological Genomics 12:129-138.   [PDF file]
         Commentary by Welle and Glueck (2003)
105.  Blomberg, S. P., T. Garland, Jr., and A. R. Ives. 2003. Testing for phylogenetic signal in comparative data:
         behavioral traits are more labile. Evolution 57:717-745.  [PDF file]
106.  Rhodes, J. S., and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Differential sensitivity to acute administration of Ritalin,
         apomorphine, SCH 23390, and raclopride in mice selectively bred for hyperactive wheel-running behavior.
         Psychopharmacology 167:242-250.   [PDF file]
107.  Morgan, T. J., T. Garland, Jr., B. L. Irwin, J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 2003. The mode of evolution
         of molecular markers in populations of house mice under artificial selection for locomotor behavior.
         Journal of Heredity  94:236-242.   [PDF file]
108.  Perry, G., K. LeVering, I. Girard, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Locomotor performance and social dominance
         in male Anolis cristatellus. Animal Behaviour 67:37-47. [PDF file]
109.  Rhodes, J. S., H. van Praag, S. Jeffrey, I. Girard, G. S. Mitchell, T. Garland, Jr., and F. H. Gage. 2003.
         Exercise increases hippocampal neurogenesis to high levels but does not improve spatial learning
         in mice bred for increased voluntary wheel running. Behavioral Neuroscience 117:1006-1016. [PDF file]
110Johnston, I. A., D. A. Fernandez, J. Calvo, V. L. A. Vieira, A. W. North, M. Abercomby,
         and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Reduction in muscle fibre number during the adaptive radiation of
         notothenioid fishes: a phylogenetic perspective. J. Experimental Biology 206:2595-2609.   [PDF file]
111.  Johnson, R. A., J. S. Rhodes, S. L. Jeffrey, T. Garland, Jr., and G. S. Mitchell. 2003. Hippocampal
         brain-derived neurotrophic factor but not neurotrophin-3 increases more in mice selected for
         increased voluntary wheel running. Neuroscience 121:1-7.  [PDF file]
112Zelditch, M. L., B. L. Lundrigan, H. D. Sheets, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Do precocial mammals develop
         at a faster rate? A comparison of rates of skull development in Sigmodon fulviventer and
         Mus musculus domesticusJournal of Evolutionary Biology  16:708-720.   [PDF file]
113.  Hochstetler, K. J., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and A.Bult-Ito. 2004. Number of arginine-
         vasopressin neurons in the suprachiasmatic nuclei is not related to level or circadian characteristics of
         wheel-running activity in house mice. Behavior Genetics 34:131-136. [PDF file]
114.  Gammie, S. C., N. S. Hasen, J. S. Rhodes, I. Girard, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Predatory aggression, but not
         maternal or intermale aggression, is associated with high voluntary wheel-running behavior in mice.
         Hormones and Behavior  44:209-221. [PDF file]
115.  Rezende, E. L., and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Comparaciones interespecíficas y métodos estadísticos
         filogenéticos. Pages 79-98 in F. Bozinovic, ed. Fisiología Ecológica & Evolutiva. Teoría y casos de
         estudio en animales. Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago.  ISBN 956-14-0697-7  [PDF file]
116.  Rhodes, J. S., T. Garland, Jr., and S. C. Gammie. 2003. Patterns of brain activity associated with
         variation in voluntary wheel-running behavior. Behavioral Neuroscience 117:1243-1256.  [PDF file]
117.  Koteja, P., J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Different effects of intensity and
         duration of locomotor activity on circadian period. Journal of Biological Rhythms 18:491-501.
          [Abstract
] [PDF file]
118.  Koteja, P., P. A. Carter, J. G. Swallow, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Food wasting in house mice:
         variation among individuals, families, and genetic lines. Physiology & Behavior 80:375-383. [PDF file]
119.  Anthony, N. M., R. Bautz, E. Spencer, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Small mammal community composition
         in native dry and wet prairies of southern Wisconsin. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in
         Biology and Geology 98:1-26.  [PDF File]
120.  Rezende, E. L., F. Bozinovic, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Climatic adaptation and the evolution of basal and
         maximum rates of metabolism in rodents. Evolution 58:1361-1474.  [PDF file]

121.  Belter, J. G., H. V. Carey, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Effects of voluntary exercise and genetic
         selection for high activity levels on HSP70 expression in house mice.
         Journal of Applied Physiology 96:1270-1276.  [PDF file]
122.  Al-kahtani, M. A., C. Zuleta, E. Caviedes-Vidal, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Kidney mass and relative
         medullary thickness of rodents in relation to habitat, body size,
and phylogeny. Physiological and
         Biochemical Zoology
77:346-365. (plus online Appendix B)   [PDF file]
123.  Zelditch, M. L., B. L. Lundrigan, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Developmental regulation of skull morphology I:
         Ontogenetic dynamics of variance. Evolution & Development 6:194-206. 
[PDF file]
124.  Bronikowski, A. M., J. S. Rhodes, T. Garland, Jr., T. A. Prolla, T. Awad, and S. C. Gammie. 2004.
         The evolution of gene expression in the hippocampus in response to selective breeding for increased
         locomotor activity. Evolution 58:2079-2086.   [PDF file]
125.  Chappell, M. A., T. Garland, Jr., E. L. Rezende, and F. R. Gomes. 2004. Voluntary running in deer mice:
         speed, distance, energy costs and temperature effects. Journal of Experimental Biology 207:3839-3854.  [PDF file]
126.  Hutcheon, J. M., and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Are megabats big? Journal of Mammalian Evolution 11:257-276.  [PDF file]
127.  Li, G., J. S. Rhodes, I. Girard, S. C. Gammie, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Opioid-mediated pain
         sensitivity in mice bred for high voluntary wheel running. Physiology & Behavior 83:515-524.  [PDF file]
128.  Anthony, N. M., C. R. Ribic, R. Bautz, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Comparative effectiveness of Longworth and
         Sherman live traps. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:1018-1026.
  [PDF file]
129.  Morgan, T. J., M. A. Evans, T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 2005.
         Molecular and quantitative genetic divergence among populations of house mice with known
         evolutionary histories. Heredity 94:518-525.  [PDF file]
130.  Swallow, J. G., and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Selection experiments as a tool in evolutionary and
         comparative physiology: insights into complex traits - An introduction to the symposium.
         Integrative and Comparative Biology 45:387-390.  [PDF file]
131.  Swallow, J. G., J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Phenotypic and evolutionary plasticity of
         organ masses in response to voluntary exercise in house mice. Integrative and Comparative Biology
         45:426-437.  [PDF file]
132.  Rhodes, J. S., S. C. Gammie, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Neurobiology of mice selected for high
         voluntary wheel-running activity. Integrative and Comparative Biology 45:438-455.  [PDF file]
133.  Rezende, E. L., M. A. Chappell, F. R. Gomes, J. L. Malisch, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Maximal
         metabolic rates during voluntary exercise, forced exercise, and cold exposure in house mice selectively
         bred for high wheel-running. Journal of Experimental Biology 208:2447-2458.  [PDF file]
134.  Zelditch, M. L., J. Mezey, H. D. Sheets, B. L. Lundrigan, and T. Garland, Jr. 2006. Developmental
         regulation of skull morphology II: ontogenetic dynamics of covariance.
         Evolution & Development 8:46-60. [PDF file]
135.  Syme, D. A., K. Evashuk, B. Grintuch, E. L. Rezende, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Contractile abilities
         of normal and “mini” triceps surae muscles from mice (Mus domesticus) selectively bred for high
         voluntary wheel running. Journal of Applied Physiology 99:1308-1316.  [PDF file]

136.  Garland, T., Jr., and P. A. Freeman. 2005. Selective breeding for high endurance running increases
         hindlimb symmetry. Evolution 59:1851-1854.  [PDF file]
137.  Rezende, E. L., S. A. Kelly, F. R. Gomes, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2006.
         Effects of size, sex, and voluntary running speeds on costs of locomotion in lines of laboratory mice
         selectively bred for high wheel-running activity. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79:83-99.
         [PDF file]
138.  Garland, T., Jr., A. F. Bennett, and E. L. Rezende. 2005. Phylogenetic approaches in comparative
         physiology. Journal of Experimental Biology 208:3015-3035.  [PDF file]
139.  Rezende, E. L., T. Garland, Jr., M. A. Chappell, J. L. Malisch, and F. R. Gomes. 2006.
         Maximum aerobic performance in lines of Mus selected for high wheel-running activity: effects of selection,
         oxygen availability, and the mini-muscle phenotype. Journal of Experimental Biology 209:115-127. [PDF file]
140.  Bonine, K. E., T. T. Gleeson, and T. Garland, Jr. 2005. Muscle fibre-type variation in lizards (Squamata)
         and phylogenetic reconstruction of hypothesized ancestral states.
         Journal of Experimental Biology 208:4529-4547.  [PDF file]
141.  Kelly, S. A., P. P. Czech, J. T. Wight, K. M. Blank, and T. Garland, Jr. 2006.
         Experimental evolution and phenotypic plasticity of hindlimb bones in high-activity house mice.
         Journal of Morphology 267:360-374.
  [PDF file]
142.  Rhodes, J. S., M. M. Ford, C.-H. Yu, L. Brown, D. A. Finn, T. Garland, Jr., and J. C. Crabbe. 2007.
         Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication.
         Genes, Brain and Behavior 6:1-18.  [PDF File]
143.  Guderley, H., P. Houle-Leroy, G. M. Diffee, D. M. Camp, and T. Garland, Jr. 2006. Morphometry, ultrastructure,
         myosin isoforms, and metabolic capacities of the "mighty mini muscles" favoured by selection for high activity
         in house mice. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biol.
         144:271-282.   [PDF file]
144.  Gammie, S. C., T. Garland, Jr., and S. A. Stevenson. 2006. Artificial selection for increased maternal defense
         behavior in mice. Behavior Genetics 36:713-722. [PDF file]
145. Rezende, E. L., F. R. Gomes, J. L. Malisch, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2006. Maximal oxygen
         consumption in relation to subordinate traits in lines of house mice selectively bred for high voluntary
         wheel running. Journal of Applied Physiology 101:477-485.  [PDF file]
146. Zhang, Y., T.-S. Lee, E. M. Kolb, K. Sun, X. Lu, F. M. Sladek, G. S. Kassab, T. Garland, Jr., and J. Y.-J. Shyy.
        2006. AMP-activated protein kinase is involved in endothelial nitric-oxide synthase activation in response
        to shear stress. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 26:1281-1287.  [PDF file]
        
Faculty of 1000 Selection!
147.  Bronikowski, A. M., T. Morgan, T. Garland, Jr., and P.A. Carter. 2006. The evolution
         of aging and age-related physical decline in mice selectively bred for high voluntary exercise.
         Evolution 60:1494-1508.  [PDF file]
148.  Garland, T., Jr., and S. A. Kelly. 2006. Phenotypic plasticity and experimental evolution.
        Journal of Experimental Biology 209:2344-2361.  [PDF file]

149.  Huey, R. B., B. Moreteau, J.-C. Moreteau, P. Gibert, G. W. Gilchrist, A. R. Ives, T. Garland, Jr., and J. R. David. 2006.
         Evolution of sexual size dimorphism in a Drosophila clade, the D. obscura group. Zoology 109:318-330.  [PDF file]

150.  Krugner-Higby, L., I. Girard, J. Welter, A. Gendron, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland Jr. 2006.
         Clostridial enteropathy in lactating outbred swiss-derived (ICR) mice.
         Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 45:80-87.  [PDF file]
151.  Vaanholt, L. M., T. Garland Jr., S. Daan, and G. H. Visser. 2006. Wheel-running activity and energy metabolism
         in relation to ambient temperature in mice selected for high wheel-running activity.
         Journal of Comparative Physiology B 177:109-118.   [PDF file]
152.  Malisch, J. L., W. Saltzman, F. R. Gomes, E. L. Rezende, D. R. Jeske, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007.
         Baseline and stress-induced plasma corticosterone concentrations of mice selectively bred for high
         voluntary wheel running. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 80:146-156.  [PDF file]
153.  Ives, A. R., P. E. Midford, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Within-species variation and measurement error in
         phylogenetic comparative methods. Systematic Biology 56:252-270.  [PDF file]
154.  Belke, T. W., and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. A brief opportunity to run does not function as a reinforcer for mice selected
         for high daily wheel-running rates. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  88:199-213.  [PDF file]
155.  Vaanholt, L. M., P. Meerlo, T. Garland, Jr., G. H. Visser, and G. van Dijk. 2007. Plasma adiponectin is increased
         in mice selectively bred for high wheel-running activity, but not by wheel running per sé.
         Hormone and Metabolic Research 39:377-383.  [PDF file]
156.  Vaanholt, L. M., B. De Jong, T. Garland, Jr., S. Daan, and G. H. Visser. 2007. Behavioural and physiological
         responses to increased foraging effort in male mice. Journal of Experimental Biology 210:2013-2024.   [PDF file]

157.  Oufiero, C. E., and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Evaluating performance costs of sexually selected traits.
         Functional Ecology 21:676-689.  [PDF file]
158.  Ornelas, J. F., M. Ordano, A. de Nova, M. E. Quintero, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Phylogenetic analysis
         of interspecific variation in nectar of hummingbird-visited plants.
         Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:1904-1917.   [PDF file]
159.  Spoor, F., T. Garland, Jr., G. Krovitz, T. M. Ryan, M. T. Silcox, and A. Walker. 2007. The primate semicircular
         canal system and locomotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U.S.A. 104:10808-10812.  [PDF file]
160.  Girard, I., E. L. Rezende, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Leptin levels and body composition of mice selectively
         bred for high voluntary activity. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 80:568-579.   [PDF file]
161.  Chappell, M. A., T. Garland, Jr., G. F. Robertson, and W. Saltzman. 2007. Relationships among running performance,
         aerobic physiology, and organ mass in male Mongolian gerbils. Journal of Experimental Biology  210:4179-4197.  [PDF file]

162.  Middleton, K. M., C. E. Shubin, D. C. Moore, P. A. Carter, T. Garland, Jr., and S. M. Swartz. 2008.
         The relative importance of genetics and phenotypic plasticity in dictating bone morphology and mechanics
         in aged mice: evidence from an artificial selection experiment. Zoology 111:135-147. [PDF file]
163.  Vaanholt, L. M., J. R. Speakman, T. Garland Jr., G. E. Lobley, and G. H. Visser. 2008. Protein synthesis and
         antioxidant capacity in aging mice: effects of long-term voluntary exercise.
         Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81:148-157.  [PDF file]
164.  Guderley, H., D. R. Joanisse, S. Mokas, G. M. Bilodeau, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008. Altered fiber types
         in gastrocnemius muscle of high wheel-running selected mice with mini muscle phenotypes.
         Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 149:490-500.  [PDF file]
165.  Kane, S. L., T. Garland, Jr., and P. A. Carter. 2008. Basal metabolic rate of aged mice is affected by random
         genetic drift but not by selective breeding for high early-age locomotor activity or chronic wheel access.
         Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81:288-300. [PDF_file]
166.  Hannon, R. M., S. A. Kelly, K. M. Middleton, E. M. Kolb, D. Pomp, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008.
         Phenotypic effects of the “mini-muscle” allele in a large HR x C57BL/6J mouse backcross.
         Journal of Heredity 99:349-354. [PDF file]
167.  Malisch, J. L., C. W. Breuner, F. R Gomes, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008.
         Circadian pattern of total and free corticosterone concentrations, corticosteroid-binding globulin,
         and physical activity in mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel-running behavior.
         General and Comparative Endocrinology 156:210-217. [PDF file]
168.  Lavin, S. R., W. H. Karasov, A. R. Ives, K. M. Middleton, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008. Morphometrics
         of the avian small intestine, compared with non-flying mammals: a phylogenetic approach.
         Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81:526-550. [PDF file]
         [includes the Regressionv2.m Matlab program]
169.  Hartmann, J., T. Garland, Jr., R. M. Hannon, S. A. Kelly, G. Muñoz, and D. Pomp. 2008. Fine mapping
         of "Mini-Muscle", a recessive mutation causing reduced hind-limb muscle mass in mice.
         Journal of Heredity 99:679-687. [PDF file]
170.  Buchwalter, D. B., D. J. Cain, C. A. Martin, L. Xie, S. N. Luoma, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008.
         Aquatic insect ecophysiological traits reveal phylogenetically based differences in
         dissolved cadmium susceptibility. PNAS 105:8321-8326. [PDF file]
171.  Middleton, K. M., S. A. Kelly, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008. Selective breeding as a tool to probe
         skeletal response to high voluntary locomotor activity in mice.
         Integrative and Comparative Biology 48:394-410. [PDF file]
172. Vaanholt, L. M., I. Jonas, M. Doornbos, K. A. Schubert, C. Nyakas, T. Garland, Jr., G. H. Visser,
         and Gertjan van Dijk. 2008. Responses in energy balance to high-fat feeding in mice selectively
         bred for high wheel-running activity. International Journal of Obesity 32:1566-1575. [PDF file]
173. Yan, R. H., J. L. Malisch, R. M. Hannon, P. L. Hurd, and T. Garland, Jr. 2008. Selective
         breeding for a behavioral trait changes digit ratio. PLoS ONE 3(9):e3216. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003216. [PDF file]
174. Swanson, D. L., and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. The evolution of high summit metabolism and cold tolerance
         in birds and its impact on present-day distributions. Evolution 63:184-194. [PDF file]
175. Keeney, B. K., D. A. Raichlen, T. H. Meek, R. S. Wijeratne, K. M. Middleton, G. L. Gerdeman,
         and T. Garland, Jr. 2008. Differential response to a selective cannabinoid
         receptor antagonist (SR141716: rimonabant) in female mice from lines selectively bred for high
         voluntary wheel-running behavior. Behavioural Pharmacology 19:812-820. [PDF file]
176. Malisch, J. L., S. A. Kelly, A. Bhanvadia, K. M. Blank, R. L. Marsik, E. G. Platzer, and T. Garland, Jr.
        2009. Lines of mice with chronically elevated baseline corticosterone are more
        susceptible to a parasitic nematode infection. Zoology 112:316-324. [PDF file]
177. Gomes, F. R., E. L. Rezende, J. L. Malisch, S. K. Lee, D. A. Rivas, S. A. Kelly, C. Lytle,
        B. B. Yaspelkis III, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Glycogen storage and muscle glucose transporters
        (GLUT-4) of mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running.
        Journal of Experimental Biology 212:238-248. [PDF file]

178. Malisch, J. L., C. W. Breuner, E. M. Kolb, H. Wada, R. M. Hannon, M. A. Chappell, K. M. Middleton,
        and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Behavioral despair and home-cage activity in mice with chronically elevated
        baseline corticosterone concentrations. Behavior Genetics 39:192-201. [PDF file]
179. Bilodeau, G. M., H. Guderley, D. R. Joanisse, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Reduction of type IIb myosin and
        IIB fibers in tibialis anterior muscle of mini-muscle mice from high-activity lines.
        Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 311A:189-198. [PDF file]
180. McGillivray, D. G., T. Garland, Jr., E. M. Dlugosz, M. A. Chappell, and D. A. Syme. 2009.
        Changes in efficiency and myosin expression in the small-muscle phenotype of mice selectively bred
        for high voluntary running activity. Journal of Experimental Biology 212:977-985. [PDF file]
181. Young, N. M., B. Hallgrímsson, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Epigenetic effects on integration of limb lengths
        in a mouse model: selective breeding for high voluntary locomotor activity. Evolutionary Biology 36:88-99. [PDF file]
182. Huey, R. B., C. A. Deutsch, J. J. Tewksbury, L. J. Vitt, P. E. Hertz, H. J. Álvarez Pérez, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009.
        Why tropical forest lizards are vulnerable to climate warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276:1939-1948. [PDF file]
183. Nehrenberg, D. L., K. Hua, D. Estrada-Smith, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2009. Voluntary exercise and its
        effects on body composition depend on genetic selection history. Obesity 17:1402-1409. [PDF file]
184. Wong, L. E., T. Garland, Jr., S. Rowan, and R. T. Hepple. 2009. Anatomic capillarization is elevated in the
        medial gastrocnemius muscle of mighty mini mice. Journal of Applied Physiology 106:1660-1667.
[PDF file]
185. Eisenmann, J. C., E. E. Wickel, S. A. Kelly, K. M. Middleton, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Day-to-day variability
        in voluntary wheel running among genetically differentiated lines of mice that vary in activity level.
        European Journal of Applied Physiology 106:613-619. [PDF file]

186. Oufiero, C. E., and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Repeatability and correlation of swimming performances and morphology
        over varying time scales in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Functional Ecology 23:969-978. [PDF file]
187. Li, Z., A. R. Ives, T. Garland, Jr., B. R. Larget, and K. Cao. 2009. New multivariate tests for
        phylogenetic signal and trait correlations applied to ecophysiological phenotypes of nine
        Manglietia species. Functional Ecology. In press. [PDF file]
188. Dlugosz, E. M., M. A. Chappell, D. G. McGillivray, D. A. Syme, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Locomotor
        trade-offs in mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running.
        Journal of Experimental Biology 212:2612-2618. [PDF file]
189. Meek, T. H., B. P. Lonquich, R. M. Hannon, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Endurance capacity of mice selectively
        bred for high voluntary wheel running. Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 2908-2917. [PDF file]
190.  Rose, M. R., and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Darwin’s other mistake. Pages 3-13 in Experimental Evolution:
          Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments. T. Garland, Jr. and M. R. Rose, eds.
          University of California Press, Berkeley, California. [PDF file]

191.  Swallow, J. G., J. P. Hayes, P. Koteja, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Selection experiments and experimental
          evolution of performance and physiology. Pages 301-351 in Experimental Evolution: Concepts,
          Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments, T. Garland, Jr., and M. R. Rose, eds.
          University of California Press, Berkeley, California. [PDF file]

192. Rezende, E. L., F. R. Gomes, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2009. Running behaviour and its energy
        cost in mice selectively bred for high voluntary locomotor activity.
        Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 82:662-679. [PDF file]
193. Nehrenberg, D. L., S. Wang, R. M. Hannon, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2010. QTL underlying voluntary
       
exercise in mice: interactions with the “mini muscle” locus and sex. Journal of Heredity 101:42-53. [PDF file]
194. Gartner, G. E. A., J. W. Hicks, P. R. Manzani, D. V. Andrade, A. S. Abe, T. Wang, S. M. Secor, and
        T. Garland, Jr. 2010. Phylogeny, ecology, and heart position in snakes.
        Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83:43-54. [PDF file]

195. Feder, M. E., T. Garland, Jr., J. H. Marden, and A. J. Zera. 2010. Locomotion in response to shifting climate
        zones: not so fast. Annual Review of Physiology 72:167-190. [PDF file]

196. Vaanholt, L. M., S. Daan,T. Garland, Jr., and G. H. Visser. 2010. Exercising for life? Energy metabolism,
        body composition, and longevity in mice exercising at different intensities.
        Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83:239-251. [PDF file]

197. Grizante, M. B., C. A. Navas, T. Garland, Jr., and T. Kohlsdorf. 2010. Morphological evolution in Tropidurinae
        squamates: an integrated view along a continuum of ecological settings. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23:98-111.
        [PDF file]
198. Kolb, E. M., S. A. Kelly, K. M. Middleton, L. S. Sermsakdi, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2010. Erythropoietin
        elevates VO2,max but not voluntary wheel running in mice. Journal of Experimental Biology 213:510-519. [PDF file]
199. Ives, A. R., and T. Garland, Jr. 2010. Phylogenetic logistic regression for binary
        dependent variables. Systematic Biology 59:9-26. [PDF file]
200. Middleton, K. M., T. Garland, Jr., B. D. Goldstein, P. R. Guduru, S. A. Kelly, and S. M. Swartz. 2010.
        Variation in within-bone stiffness measured by nanoindentation in mice bred for high levels of
        voluntary wheel running. Journal of Anatomy 216:121-131.
[PDF file]
201. Kelly, S. A., D. L. Nehrenberg, K. Hua, R. R. Gordon, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2010. Parent-of-origin
        effects on voluntary exercise levels and body composition in mice. Physiological Genomics 40:111-120. [PDF file]
202. Meek, T. H., J. C. Eisenmann, and T. Garland, Jr. 2010. Western diet increases wheel running in mice
        selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running. International Journal of Obesity 34:960-969. [PDF file]

203. Jonas, I., M. Doornbos, L. Vaanholt, T. Garland, Jr, A. J. W. Scheurink, C. Nyakas, and G. van Dijk. 2010.
        Effects of selective breeding for increased wheel running behavior on circadian timing of substrate
        oxidation and ingestive behavior. Physiology & Behavior 99:549-554. [PDF file]
204. Wallace, I. J., K. M. Middleton, S. Lublinsky, S. A. Kelly, S. Judex, T. Garland, Jr., and B. Demes. 2010.
        Functional significance of genetic variation underlying limb bone diaphyseal structure.
        American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:21-30. [PDF file]
205. Mathes, W. F., D. L. Nehrenberg, R. Gordon, K. Hua, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2010.
        Dopaminergic dysregulation in mice selectively bred for excessive exercise or obesity.
        Behavioural Brain Research 210:155-163. [PDF file]

206. Jonas, I., K. A. Schubert, A. C. Reijne, J. Scholte, T. Garland, Jr., M. P. Gerkema, A. J. W. Scheurink, C. Nyakas,
        and G. van Dijk. 2010. Behavioral traits are affected by selective breeding for increased wheel-running
        behavior in mice. Behavior Genetics 40:542-550. [PDF file]
207. Kelly, S. A., D. L. Nehrenberg, J. L. Peirce, K. Hua, B. M. Steffy, T. Wiltshire, F. Pardo Manuel de Villena,
        T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2010. Genetic architecture of voluntary exercise in an advanced intercross line of mice.
        Physiological Genomics 42:190-200.
[PDF file]
208. Garland, T., Jr. 2010. Commentary: Repeatability as a necessary but not sufficient criterion for validating
        measurements of endurance. Journal of Applied Physiology 108:222-223. [PDF file]

209. Whitney, K. D., and T. Garland, Jr. 2010. Did genetic drift drive increases in genome complexity?
        PLoS Genetics 6(8):e1001080. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001080  [PDF File]
210. Oufiero, C. E., M. R. Walsh, D. N. Reznick, and T. Garland, Jr. 2011. Swimming performance trade-offs across
        a gradient in community composition in Trinidadian killifish (Rivulus hartii). Ecology 92:170-179. [PDF file]
211. Garland, T., Jr., S. A. Kelly, J. L. Malisch, E. M. Kolb, R. M. Hannon, B. K. Keeney, S. L. Van Cleave,
        and K. M. Middleton. 2011. How to run far: Multiple solutions and sex-specific responses to selective
        breeding for high voluntary activity levels. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278:574-581. [PDF file]
        UCR Press Release    Brain Blogger: Born to be lazy
        To see a video of Dr. Garland discussing the research, click here.
212. Robertson, H. T., D. L. Smith, N. M. Pajewski, R. H. Weindruch, T. Garland, Jr., G. Argyropoulos, A. Bokov,
        and D. B. Allison. 2011. Can rodent longevity studies be both short and powerful? The Journals of Gerontology,
        Series A: Biological Sciences, Medical Sciences
66:279-286. [PDF file]
213. Garland, T., Jr., H. Schutz, M. A. Chappell, B. K. Keeney, T. H. Meek, L. E. Copes, W. Acosta, C. Drenowatz,
        R. C. Maciel, G. van Dijk, C. M. Kotz, and J. C. Eisenmann. 2011. The biological control of voluntary exercise,
        spontaneous physical activity, and daily energy expenditure in relation to obesity: human and rodent
        perspectives. Journal of Experimental Biology 214:206-229.
[PDF file]
214. Hannon, R. M., T. H. Meek, W. Acosta, R. C. Maciel, H. Schutz, and T. Garland, Jr. 2011. Sex-specific heterosis
        in line crosses of mice selectively bred for high locomotor activity. Behavior Genetics 41:615-624. [PDF file]

215. Kelly, S. A., D. L. Nehrenberg, K. Hua, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2011. Exercise, weight loss, and
        changes in body composition in mice: phenotypic relationships and genetic architecture.
        Physiological Genomics 43:199-212. [PDF file]

216. Gartner, G. E. A., J. W. Hicks, D. V. Andrade, S. M. Secor, and T. Garland, Jr. 2011.
        Reply to "Heart Position in Snakes". Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 84:102-106. [PDF file]

217. Brischoux, F., G. E. A. Gartner, T. Garland, Jr., and X. Bonnet. 2011. Is aquatic life correlated with an
        increased hematocrit in snakes? PLoS ONE 6(2):e17077.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017077 [PDF file]
218. Pires, M. N., K. E. McBride, R. D. Bassar, J. U. Regus, T. Garland, Jr., and D. N. Reznick. 2011.
        Why do placentas evolve? A test of the life history facilitation hypothesis in the Northern Clade of the
        fish genus Poeciliopsis (Poeciliidae: Cyprinodontiformes). Functional Ecology 25:757-768. [PDF file]
219. Whitney, K. D., B. Boussau, E. J. Baack, and T. Garland, Jr. 2011. Drift and genome complexity revisited.
        PLoS Genetics 7(6): e1002092. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002092 [PDF file]
220. Farber, C. R., S. A. Kelly, E. Baruch, D. Yu, K. Hua, D. L. Nehrenberg, F. Pardo-Manuel de Villena, R. J. Buus,
        T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2011. Identification of quantitative trait loci influencing skeletal architecture in mice:
        emergence of Cdh11 as a primary candidate gene regulating femoral morphology.
        Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 26:2174-2183. [PDF file]
221. Oufiero, C. E., S. C. Adolph, G. E. A. Gartner, and T. Garland, Jr. 2011. Latitudinal and climatic variation in body size
        and dorsal scale rows in Sceloporus lizards: a phylogenetic perspective. Evolution 65:3590-3607. [PDF file]
222. Audet, G. N., T. H. Meek, T. Garland, Jr., and I. M. Olfert. 2011. Expression of angiogenic regulators and skeletal
        muscle capillarity in selectively bred high aerobic capacity mice. Experimental Physiology 96.11:1138-1150. [PDF file]
223. Fusco, G., T. Garland, Jr., G. Hunt, and N. C. Hughes. 2011. Developmental trait evolution in trilobites.
        Evolution 66:314-329. [PDF file]
224. Calosi, P., D. T. Bilton, J. I. Spicer, W. C. E. P. Verberk, A. Atfield, and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. The comparative biology
        of diving in two genera of European Dytiscidae (Coleoptera). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25:329-341. [PDF file]
225. Wallace, I. J., S. M. Tommasini, S. Judex, T. Garland, Jr., and B. Demes. 2012. Genetic variations and physical
        activity as determinants of limb bone morphology: an experimental approach using a mouse model.
        American Journal of Physical Anthropology 148:24-35. [PDF file]
226. Downs, C. J., H. Schutz, T. H. Meek, E. M. Dlugosz, W. Acosta, K. S. de Wolski, J. L. Malisch, J. P. Hayes,
        and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. Within life-time trade-offs but evolutionary freedom for hormonal and immunological
        traits: evidence from mice bred for high voluntary exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology 215:1651-1661. [PDF file]
227. Meek, T. H., E. M. Dlugosz, K. T. Vu, and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. Effects of leptin treatment and Western diet
        on wheel running in selectively bred high runner mice. Physiology & Behavior 106:252-258. [PDF file]
228. Keeney, B. K., T. H. Meek, K. M. Middleton, L. F. Holness, and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. Sex differences in
        cannabinoid receptor-1 (CB1) pharmacology in mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel-running behavior.
        Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 101:528-537. [PDF file]
229. Kelly, S. A., D. L. Nehrenberg, K. Hua, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2012. Functional genomic architecture of
        predisposition to voluntary exercise in mice: expression QTL in the brain. Genetics 191:643-654. [PDF file]
230. Clint, E., E. Sober, T. Garland, Jr., and J. S. Rhodes. 2012. Male superiority in spatial navigation:
        adaptation or side-effect? Quarterly Review of Biology 87:289-313. [PDF file]
        [Smithsonian blog with video of Justin Rhodes]
231. Oufiero, C. E., K. N. Jugo, P. Tran, and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. As the sword grows: individual variation and ontogenetic
        effects of a sexually selected trait on locomotor performance in Xiphophorus helleri.
        Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 85:684-693. [PDF file]
232. Careau, V. C., O. R. P. Bininda-Emonds, G. Ordonez, and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. Are voluntary wheel running
        and open-field behavior correlated in mice? Different answers from comparative and artificial selection approaches.
        Behavior Genetics 42:830-844. [PDF file]
233. Templeman, N. M., H. Schutz, T. Garland, Jr., and G. B. McClelland. 2012. Do mice bred selectively for high
        locomotor activity have a greater reliance on lipids to power submaximal aerobic exercise?
        American Journal of Physiology Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 303:R101-R111. [PDF file]
234. Chauke, M., T. R. de Jong, T. Garland, Jr., and W. Saltzman. 2012. Paternal responsiveness is associated with,
        but not mediated by reduced neophobia in male California mice (Peromyscus californicus).
        Physiology & Behavior 107:65-75. [PDF file]
235. Careau, V. C., and T. Garland, Jr. 2012. Performance, personality, and energetics: correlation, causation,
        and mechanism. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 85:543-571. [PDF file]
236. Kolb, E. M., E. L. Rezende, L. Holness, A. Radtke, S. K. Lee, A. Obenaus, and T. Garland, Jr. 2013.
        Mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running have larger midbrains: support for the mosaic
        model of brain evolution. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:515-523. [PDF file]
        [UCR Today] [Science Daily news story] [Deccan Herald] [NBC Los Angeles] [Animal Abstracts]
        [Medical News Today] [Many Years Young] [Indian Express] [moneycontrol.com] [Business Standard]
237. Waters, R. P., R. B. Pringle, G. L. Forster, K. J. Renner, J. L. Malisch, T. Garland, Jr., and J. G. Swallow. 2013.
        Selection for increased voluntary wheel-running affects behavior and brain monoamines in mice.
        Brain Research 1508:9-22. [PDF file]
238. Burniston, J. G., T. H. Meek, S. N. Pandey, G. Broitman-Maduro, M. F. Maduro, A. M. Bronikowski,
        T. Garland, Jr., and Y.-W. Chen. 2013. Gene expression profiling of gastrocnemius of "minimuscle" mice.
        Physiological Genomics 45:228-236. [PDF file]
239. Kolb, E. M., S. A. Kelly, and T. Garland, Jr. 2013. Mice from lines selectively bred for high voluntary
        wheel running exhibit lower blood pressure during withdrawal from wheel access.
        Physiology & Behavior 112-113:49-55. [PDF file]
240. Careau, V., M. E. Wolak, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2013. Limits to behavioral evolution:
        the quantitative genetics of a complex trait under directional selection. Evolution 67:3102-3119. [PDF file]
241. Poteat, M. D., T. Garland, Jr., N. S. Fisher, W.-X. Wang, and D. B. Buchwalter. 2013.
        Evolutionary patterns in trace metal (Cd and Zn) efflux capacity in aquatic organisms.
        Environmental Science & Technology 47:7989-7995. [PDF File]
242. Dlugosz, E. M., H. Schutz, T. H. Meek, W. Acosta, C. J. Downs, E. G. Platzer, M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr.
        2013. Immune response to a Trichinella spiralis infection in house mice from lines selectively bred for high
        voluntary wheel running. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:4212-4221. [PDF file]
243. Dlugosz, E. M., M. A. Chappell, T. H. Meek, P. Szafrañska, K. Zub, M. Konarzewski, J. H. Jones,
         J. E. P. W. Bicudo, V. Careau, and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Phylogenetic analysis of mammalian
         maximal oxygen consumption during exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:4712-4721. [PDF File]
244. Kelly, S. A., T. A. Bell, S. R. Selitsky, R. J. Buus, K. Hua, G. M. Weinstock, T. Garland, Jr.,
         F. Pardo-Manuel de Villena, and D. Pomp. 2014. A novel intronic SNP in the Myosin heavy polypeptide
         4
gene is responsible for the Mini-Muscle phenotype characterized by major reduction in hindlimb muscle
         mass in mice. Genetics 195:1385-1395. [PDF file]

245.  Guidotti, S., I. Jonas, K. M. Schubert, T. Garland, Jr., H. A. J.  Meijer, A. J. W. Scheurink, and G van Dijk. 2014.
         High-saturated fat-sucrose feeding affects lactation energetics in control mice and mice selectively bred for high
         wheel-running behavior.  American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Comparative and Integrative Physiology.
         305:R1433-440. [PDF File
246. Garland, T., Jr. 2014. Quick guide: Trade-offs. Current Biology 24:R60-R61. [PDF file]

        [Attack of the Intelligent Designers!!! - I must be doing something right!]
247.  Meek, T. H., J. C. Eisenmann, B. K. Keeney, R. M. Hannon, E. M. Dlugosz, and T. Garland, Jr. 2014.
         Effects of early- life exposure to Western diet and wheel access on Metabolic Syndrome profiles in mice
         bred for high voluntary exercise. Genes, Brain and Behavior 13:322-332. [PDF file]  
248.  Kelly, S. A., E. L. Rezende, M. A. Chappell, F. R. Gomes, E. M. Kolb, J. L. Malisch, J. S. Rhodes, G. S. Mitchell,
         and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Exercise training effects on hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory responses in mice selected
         for increased voluntary wheel running. Experimental Physiology 99:403-413. [PDF File]
249.  Oufiero, C. E., K. Jugo, and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Swimming with a sword: Tail beat kinematics in relation
        to sword length in Xiphophorus. Functional Ecology 28:924-932.  [PDF File]
250.  Cooper, W. E., Jr., R. A. Pyron, and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Island tameness: living on islands reduces flight
        initiation distance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B  281, 20133019. [PDF File
        [Press Release from Purdue] [Press Release from UCR] [Huffington Post]
        [Academic Minute with Bill Cooper speaking] [UCR Highander Student Newspaper]
251. Radojcic, T., and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Born to run: Experimental evolution of high voluntary exercise in mice.
        Science Scope 37:51-60. [PDF File] This is about the active-learning, middle-school lesson plan.
252. Oufiero, C. E., R. W. Meredith, K. N. Jugo, P. Tran, M. A. Chappell, M. S. Springer, D. N. Reznick, and T. Garland, Jr.
        2014. The evolution of the sexually selected sword in Xiphophorus does not compromise aerobic locomotor performance.
        Evolution 68:1806-1823. [PDF File]
253. Kelly, S. A., D. L. Nehrenberg, K. Hua, T. Garland, Jr., and D. Pomp. 2014. Quantitative genomics of voluntary exercise
        in mice: transcriptional analysis and mapping of expression QTL in muscle. Physiological Genomics 46:593-601. [PDF File]
254. Ives, A. R., and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Phylogenetic regression for binary dependent variables. Pages 231-261 (plus
        Online Practical Material available at www.mpcm-evolution.org) in Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Their
        Application in Evolutionary Biology: Concepts and Practice
, L. Z. Garamszegi, ed. Springer: Heidelberg. [PDF File]
255. Pollux, B. J. A., R. W. Meredith, M. S. Springer, T. Garland, Jr., and D. N. Reznick. 2014. The evolution of the placenta
        drives a shift in sexual selection in livebearing fish. Nature 513:233-236. [PDF file]
256. Schutz, H., H. A. Jamniczky, B. Hallgrímsson, and T. Garland, Jr. 2014. Shape-shift: semicircular canal morphology
        responds to selective breeding for increased locomotor activity. Evolution. In press. [PDF file]
257. Talmadge, R. J., W. Acosta, and T. Garland, Jr. In press. Myosin heavy chain isoform expression in adult and juvenile
        mini-muscle mice bred for high-voluntary wheel running. Mechanisms of Development
258. Foster, K. A., C. Collins, T. E. Higham, and T. Garland, Jr. In press. Determinants of lizard escape performance: decision,
        motivation, ability, and opportunity. Pages xx in Escaping from Predators: An Integrative View of Escape Decisions and Refuge Use,
        W. E. Cooper and D. Blumstein, eds. Cambridge University Press, New York & London. [PDF File]

Table of Contents for:
Garland, T., Jr., and M. R. Rose, eds. 2009. Experimental evolution: concepts, methods, and applications
    of selection experiments. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
PDF copies of the individual chapters can be obtained from the individual authors or from me.

Other Publications

Garland, T., Jr. 1981. Size classes, sex ratio, and body temperatures of Sceloporus malachiticus at
        Monteverde, Cost Rica. Pages 300-303 in G. W. Otis, M. L. Higgins, F. Bonaccorso, and B.
        Williamson, eds. Organization for Tropical Studies Course Book 1981-3. [PDF file]
Garland, T., Jr. 1993. Physical activity and health. (Review of volume edited by N. G. Norgan,
        Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1992). The Physiologist 36:260-261.
        [PDF file] Note: this is the original, submitted version, which was butchered in editing,
                            including the mis-spelling of my last name!
Garland, T., Jr. 2011. Review of: The Flexible Phenotype: A Body-Centred Integration of Ecology, Physiology,
        and Behaviour (by Theunis Piersma & Jan A. Van Gils. Oxford: Oxford University Press).
        Animal Behaviour 82:609-610. [PDF file]
Garland, T., Jr. 2014. Editorial. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. In press. [PDF file]

The Lizards Living in Qatar. 2014. First edition, Published in Doha (Qatar), 2014, 5 June (World Environment Day). 570 pages. ISBN 978-9927-93-12-9
[I was invited to Qatar in November 2012 to help with a lizard biodiversity survey. This book is one of the results of that larger effort. I am listed as a "collaborator," the UCR logo appears on one of the first few pages, and I wrote the section (and provided the figures) on locomotion on pages 129-134, along with editing other sections. This book is an interesting international collaborative effort. I believe it is unique for a Muslim monarchy. Among other noteworthy aspects of the book, it makes a case that "the existing religious tools and channels for conservation should be seriously considered, since there is a high potential in achieving high standards of conservation biology if management of natural resources adheres to the fundamental principles of Islam."]

Software Publications

"Comparative Method Analysis Program"  Distributed privately and Copyright 9 August 1990 by
        E. P. Martins and T. Garland, Jr. Phylogenetic analysis (comparative method) programs to
        accompany Martins and Garland (1991). To obtain a copy, email Ted Garland.
"Phenotypic Diversity Analysis Programs"  (PDAP) Distributed privately and Version 6.0 Copyright
        25 September 2001 by T. Garland, Jr., J. A. Jones, A. W. Dickerman, P. E. Midford, and R. Díaz-Uriarte.
        Phylogenetic analysis (comparative method) programs to accompany Garland et al. (1992),
        Garland et al. (1993), Díaz-Uriarte and Garland (1996, 1998), Garland et al. (1997), Garland, Midford,
        and Ives (1999), Garland and Ives (2000), Lapointe and Garland (2001), Blomberg et al. (2003), and additions.
         Latest updates are September 2004.  To obtain a copy, email to Ted Garland.
"PHYLOGR"  an R package for the analysis of comparative data via Monte Carlo simulations or generalized
        least-squares approaches.  Accompanies Díaz-Uriarte and Garland (in preparation).
        Available at http://cran.r-project.org/
"PHYSIG"  package of MatLab (and Xlisp-Stat) code to accompany Blomberg et al. (2003),
        Ives et al. (2007), and Lavin et al. (2008). Includes Regressionv2.m and measurement error programs.
        Available on request from T.G.
"Measurement error programs" in Matlab to accompany Ives et al. (2007).
        Available on request from T.G.
"PLogReg" phylogenetic logistic regression package of MatLab code to accompany Ives and Garland (2010).
        Available on request from T.G.
"PDTREE"  module of PDAP for Mesquite.  Implements Felsenstein's (1985) phylogenetically independent contrasts.
        Available at http://mesquiteproject.org/pdap_mesquite/index.html

 

Other Laboratory Publications (incomplete)

Bonine, K. E., and E. D. Clotfelter. 1997. Phylogenetic approaches in animal behavior.
        Journal of Evolutionary Biology 10:683-685. [book review]
Bulova, S. J. 1992. Observations on burrow use by captive desert tortoises.
        Proceedings of the 1992 Desert Tortoise Council Symposium:143-150.
Bulova, S. J. 1994. Patterns of burrow use by desert tortoises: gender differences and seasonal trends.
        Herpetological Monographs 8:133-143.
Bulova, S. J. 1994. Ecological correlates of population and individual variation in antipredator behavior of
        two species of desert lizards. Copeia 1994:980-992. [PDF file]
Bulova, S. J. 1994. Patterns of burrow use by desert tortoises: influence of microclimate and

        chemical cues. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 219 pp.
Bulova, S. J. 1996. Vertebrate Zoology: An Experimental Approach (book review).
        Quarterly Review of Biology 71:132.
Bulova, S. J. 1997. Conspecific chemical cues influence burrow choice by desert tortoises
        (Gopherus agassizii). Copeia 1997:802-810.
Bulova, S. J. 2002. How temperature, humidity, and burrow selection affect evaporative water loss in
        desert tortoises. Journal of Thermal Biology 27:175-189.
Castilla, A. M., and J. G. Swallow. 1995. Artificial egg-laying sites for lizards: a conservation strategy.
        Biological Conservation 72:387-391.
Castilla, A. M., and J. G. Swallow. 1996. Thermal dependence of incubation duration under a cycling
        temperature regime in the lizard, Podarcis hispanica atrata. Journal of Herpetology 30:247-253.
Dohm, M. R. 1994. Quantitative genetics of locomotor performance and physiology in house mice
        (Musdomesticus). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 264 pp.
Koteja, P. In preparation. Generating mass-independent data: which body mass?
Perry, G., and K. P. Levering. In revision. Identifying sexually selected traits from allometry in the lizard
        Anolis cristatellus Dumeril and Bibron (Iguania). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.
Rezende, E. L., F. R. Gomes, C. K. Ghalambor, G. A. Russell, and M. A. Chappell. 2005.
       An evolutionary frame of work to study physiological adaptation to high altitudes.
       Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 78: 323-336. [PDF file]
Swallow, J. G., and A. M. Castilla. 1996. Home range area of the lizard Podarcis hispanica atrata.
        Herpetological Journal 6:100-102.
Temte, J. L. 1989. Exploring environmental cycles in psychiatric patients.
        Wisconsin Medical Journal 1989:17-20.
Temte, J. L. 1991. Precise birth timing in captive harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and California sea lions
        (Zalophuscalifornianus). Marine Mammal Science 7:145-156.
Temte, J. L. 1991. Use of serum testosterone and progesterone to estimate sexual maturity in
        Dall's porpoise Phocoenoidesdalli. Fisheries Bulletin 89:161-165.
Temte, J. L., M. A. Bigg, and O. Wiig. 1991. Clines revisited: The timing of pupping in the harbour seal
        (Phoca vitulina). Journal of Zoology, London 224:617-632.
Temte, J. L. 1993. The Marine Mammal Inventory Report: independent verification of a captive marine
        mammal data base. Marine Mammal Science 9:95-98.
Temte, J. L., and J. Temte. 1993. Photoperiod defines the phenology of birth in captive
        California sea lions. Marine Mammal Science 9:301-308.
Temte, J. L. 1993. Latitudinal variation in the birth timing of captive California sea lions and other captive
        North American pinnipeds. Fishery Bulletin 91:710-717.
Temte, J. L. 1993. Photoperiod control of reproductive timing in the Pacific harbor seal and the
        California sea lion. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 209 pp.
Temte, J. L. 1994. Photoperiod control of birth timing in the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina).
        Journal of Zoology, London 233:369-384.
Wolf, C. M., B. Griffith, C. Reed, and S. A. Temple. 1996. Avian and mammalian translocations:
        update and reanalysis of 1987 survey. Conservation Biology 10:1-14.

Published Abstracts (incomplete)

Garland, T., Jr. 1980. Rodent populations in relation to a roadside habitat.
        Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 15:69.
Garland, T., Jr. 1982. Scaling maximal running speed and maximal aerobic speed to body mass in
        mammals and lizards. The Physiologist 25:338.
Garland, T., Jr. 1983. Morphological and metabolic correlates of body size and locomotory
        performance in an iguanid lizard.
        Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences 15:54.
Garland, T., Jr. 1985. Variation and covariation in size, shape, and speed. Federation Proceedings 44:851.
Djawdan, M., and T. Garland, Jr. 1985. Maximal running speeds of bipedal and quadrupedal rodents:
        relevance for coexistence? American Zoologist 25:8A.
Garland, T., Jr., and R. B. Huey. 1986. Using the comparative method to test symmorphosis.
        Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences 16:404.
Bennett, A. F., T. Garland, Jr., and P. L. Else. 1987. Allometric scaling and interindividual correlation in
        locomotor and skeletal muscle performance of a salamander. The Physiologist 30:139.
Garland, T., Jr., A. F. Bennett, and C. B. Daniels. 1988. Quantitative genetics of activity metabolism
        in Thamnophissirtalis. American Zoologist 28:44A.
Bulova, S. J., E. J. Onan, and T. Garland, Jr. 1989. Ontogenetic consistency of individual differences
        in basal metabolic rate and their correlation with growth rate in outbred Mus musculus.
        American Zoologist 29:101A.
Dohm, M. R., and T. Garland, Jr. 1989. Quantitative genetics of cephalic scale counts in
        Thamnophissirtalis. American Zoologist 29:179A.
Hayes, J. P., Jr., T. Garland, Jr., and M. R. Dohm. 1989. Quantitative genetics of activity metabolism
        in randombred Musmusculus. American Zoologist 29:21A.
Garland, T., Jr. 1991. Endurance capacity in lizards: effects of body size, body temperature,
        and phylogeny. American Zoologist 31:49A.
Rowland, S. M., T. Oppenborn, and T. Garland, Jr. 1993. Taxonomic bias in a Holocene small vertebrate
        pitfall assemblage, Esmerelda County, Nevada.
        Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 28:41.
Dohm, M. R., C. S. Richardson, and T. Garland, Jr. 1993. A "common garden" experiment to compare
        aspects of locomotor behavior, activity metabolism, and thermoregulation in wild and randombred
        laboratory house mice and their reciprocal hybrids. American Zoologist 33:67A.
Garland, T., Jr., M. R. Dohm, J. P. Hayes, and C. S. Richardson. 1994. Quantitative genetics of
        randombred house mice: A model system for studying correlated evolution.
        Journal of Morphology 220:346.
Garland, T., Jr. 1994. Statistical methods for testing hypotheses about the evolution of continuous traits.
        The Physiologist 37:A-26.
Dohm, M. R., J. P. Hayes, and T. Garland, Jr. 1994. Heritability of speed, endurance, and maximal
        and basal rates of oxygen consumption in house mice. The Physiologist 37:A-82.
Swallow, J. G., P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1995. Artificial selection for voluntary activity levels
        in random-bred house mice. American Zoologist 35:39A.
        Poster presented at the American Society of Zoologists meetings.
Garland, T., Jr., P. A. Carter, and J. G. Swallow. 1995. Correlated responses to artificial selection for
        increased voluntary activity levels in random-bred house mice. American Zoologist 35:39A.
        Poster presented at the American Society of Zoologists meetings.
Bonine, K. E., and T. Garland, Jr. 1996. Locomotion of phrynosomatid lizards: morphometric correlates
        of sprint speed and endurance. American Zoologist 36:113A.
Garland, T., Jr. 1997. Phylogenetically based statistical methods: a primer and applications to vertebrate
        locomotor performance and morphometrics. Journal of Morphology 232:223-224. [PDF file]
Bonine, K. E., T. Garland, Jr., and T. T. Gleeson. 1997. Muscle fiber-type variation and locomotion
        in phrynosomatid lizards. American Zoologist 37(5):104A.
Garland, T., Jr. 1997. An introduction to phylogenetically based statistical methods.
        American Zoologist 37(5):9A.
Swallow, J. G., P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1997. Effects of voluntary activity and artificial
        selection on maximum oxygen consumption in house mice. American Zoologist 37(5):92A.
Rhodes, J. S., P. Koteja, J. G. Swallow, P. A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1998. Body temperatures
        of house mice artificially selected for high voluntary wheel-running behavior.
        American Zoologist 38(5):44A.
Dumke, C. L., J. G. Swallow, J. S. Rhodes, T. Garland, E. Maslowski, A. C. Gazdag, and G. D. Cartee.
        1999. Effects of genetic selection and voluntary wheel running on glucose transport in mice.
        Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31(5 Supplement):S127.
Swallow, J. G., T. Garland, Jr., P. Koteja, and P. A. Carter. 1999. Locomotor activity, food consumption,
        and body composition in house mice selected for high wheel-running activity.
        The FASEB Journal 13:A419.
Garland, T., Jr. 2000. Energetics and performance measures as they relate to locomotion. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 126(Supplement 1):S55. [PDF file]

Bonine, K. E., T. T. Gleeson, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Phrynosomatid lizards show parallel variation in sprint speed and muscle fiber-type properties. American Zoologist 40:948-949.

Girard, I., M. W. McAleer, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Increased intermittency of locomotion in house mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running. American Zoologist 40:1029.

McAleer, M. W., I. Girard, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Motivation of house mice artificially selected for high wheel running. American Zoologist 40:1121.

Perry, G., and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Lizard home ranges revisited: traditional and phylogenetic perspectives. American Zoologist 40:1169.

Danson, E. J. F., R. M. Mohan, T. Garland, and D. J. Paterson. 2001. NO-cGMP pathway enhances the heart rate response to peripheral vagal nerve stimulation in exercise trained mice. Circulation 104(17):S833.

Garland, T., Jr. 2001. Phylogenetic comparison and artificial selection: two approaches in evolutionary physiology. High Altitude Medicine & Biology 2:83.

Jeffrey, S. L., R. A. Johnson, J. S. Rhodes, T. Garland, Jr., and G. S. Mitchell. 2001. Hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) increases in mice artificially selected for increased voluntary wheel running. Federation Proceedings 15:A428.

Bronikowski, A. M., T. Morgan, T. Garland, Jr., and P.A. Carter. 2001. Aging and anti-oxidant expression in mice selectively bred for increased voluntary exercise. The Journal of the American Aging Association 24(3):in press.

Blomberg, S. P., A. R. Ives, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Detecting phylogenetic signal in comparative data. American Zoologist 41:1395.

Garland, T., Jr., M. T. Morgan, J. G. Swallow, J. S. Rhodes, I. Girard, and P. A. Carter. 2001. Evolution of a small-muscle polymorphism in lines of house mice selected for high activity levels. American Zoologist 41:1449-1450.

Garland, T., Jr. 2002. Selection experiments: a unique tool for integrating morphology, physiology, and behavior. The Physiologist 45:286.

Garland, T., Jr. 2002. Phylogenetically based statistical methods: when, why, and how use them. The Physiologist 45:333.

Gottfredsen, C. S., D. D. Fuller, J. S. Rhodes, T. Garland, Jr., and G. S. Mitchell. 2003. Augmented hypoxic ventilatory responses in mice selectively bred for increased wheel running. Experimental Biology. xx:in press.

Bunkers, J. L., F. Gomes, E. L. Rezende, W. Saltzman, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Plasma corticosterone of mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running: levels at rest and following restraint stress. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43:839.

Garland, Jr., T., and J. G. Swallow. 2003. Exercise physiology of house mice selectively bred for high voluntary activity. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43:908.

Gomes, F. R., E. L. Rezende, J. L. Bunkers, and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Organ masses and carbohydrate metabolism of mice artificially selected for high voluntary wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43:912.

Rhodes, J. S., S. C. Gammie, and T. Garland Jr. 2003. Neurobiology of mice selected for high voluntary wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43:908.

Swallow, J. G., and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Selection experiments as a tool in evolutionary and comparative physiology. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43:907.

Garland, T., Jr. 2004. Recent developments in phylogenetically based statistical methods. Journal of Morphology 260:293.

Bunkers, J. L., S. A. Kelly, A. Bhanvadia, K. M. Blank, E. G. Platzer, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Susceptibility of mice with chronically elevated plasma corticosterone to a parasitic nematode infection. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:531.

Garland, T., Jr., A. R. Ives, and P. E. Midford. 2004. Within-species variation and measurement error in phylogenetic comparative methods. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:556.

Girard, I., E. L. Rezende, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Lower leptin levels in mice selected for high voluntary wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:701.

Gomes, F. R., E. L. Rezende, J. L. Bunkers, D. A. Rivas, B. B. Yaspelkis, III, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Muscle glucose transporters (GLUT-4 ) and glycogen storage of mice selectively bred for high activity levels. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:560.

Kelly, S. A., and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Experimental evolution and phenotypic plasticity of hindlimb bones in high-activity house mice. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:581.

Kolb, E. M., J. S. Rhodes, A. Janowsky, and T. Garland, Jr. 2004. Dopamine receptor and transporter density in the caudate and prefrontal cortex of mice selectively bred for high wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:585.

Zelditch, M. L., J. Mezey, T. Garland, and B. L. Lundrigan. 2004. Canalization restructures variance. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:671.

Dlugosz, E. M., M. A. Chappell, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Locomotor constraints in mice selected for high voluntary wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:e29.

Keeney, B. K., D. A. Raichlen, T. H. Meek, R. S. Wijeratne, G. L. Gerdeman, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Differential response to a selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist in mice bred for high voluntary wheel-running behavior. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:e61.

Meek, T. H., R. M. Hannon, B. Lonquich, R. L. Marsik, R. S. Wijeratne, and T. Garland, Jr. 2007. Endurance capacity of mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:e81.

 

Above is an incomplete list of abstracts!

 


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Last updated 17 Sept. 2014