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  • UC Riverside
  • College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences

Nicole Rafferty


Assistant Professor of Biology
Office: 2314 Spieth Hall
Office Phone: 951-827-3800
Lab Phone: 951-827-6364


Degree: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2011

Lab Website link:

My research spans the fields of community ecology, population biology, and global change. I use experimental manipulations, long-term and historical data, and observations of natural variation to investigate how species interactions are affected by climate change-induced phenological and distributional shifts. These shifts are likely to result in novel communities in the temporal and spatial dimensions, modified interaction strengths, and altered selection on life history events. I am studying these topics in both natural and agricultural plant and pollinator communities.

I participate in the EEOB Graduate Program.

·       de Keyzer, C.W., N.E. Rafferty, D.W. Inouye, and J.D. Thomson. In press. Confounding effects of spatial variation on shifts in phenology. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13472

·       Rafferty, N.E., C.D. Bertelsen, and J.L. Bronstein. 2016. Later flowering is associated with a compressed flowering season and reduced reproductive output in an early season floral resource. Oikos 125:821-828.

·       Rafferty, N.E., P.J. CaraDonna, and J.L. Bronstein. 2015. Phenological shifts and the fate of mutualisms. Oikos 124:14-21.

·       Rafferty, N.E., and A.R. Ives. 2013. Phylogenetic trait-based analyses of ecological networks. Ecology 94:2321-2333.

·       Rafferty, N.E., and A.R. Ives. 2012. Pollinator effectiveness varies with experimental shifts in flowering time. Ecology 93:803-814.

·       Gilman, R.T., N.S. Fabina, K.C. Abbott, and N.E. Rafferty. 2012. Evolution of plant-pollinator mutualisms in response to climate change. Evolutionary Applications 5:2-16.

·       Rafferty, N.E., and A.R. Ives. 2011. Effects of experimental shifts in flowering phenology on plant-pollinator interactions. Ecology Letters 14:69-74.