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92Abs Thomson, S. L., T. Garland, Jr., J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 2002. Response of Sod-2 enzyme activity to selection for high voluntary wheel running. Heredity 88:52-61.


    The objective of this study was to examine the correlated response of anti-oxidant enzyme activity to selective breeding for increased voluntary wheel running in house mice.  Activity of liver superoxide dismutase-2 (Sod-2), a free radical scavenger, was measured in four groups of mice.  'Active' individuals were housed in cages with attached wheels for 8 weeks beginning at weaning; 'sedentary' individuals were housed in cages with attached wheels that were prevented from rotating.  Both of these treatments were applied to male and female mice from generation 14 of a replicated artificial selection experiment, which is composed of four lines selected for high wheel running and four randomly bred lines that serve as controls.  In females, Sod-2 activity was significantly lower in selected vs control animals, regardless of presence/absence of a free-turning wheel.  This difference suggests a trade-off between early-age voluntary wheel-running activity and Sod-2 activity.  In males, Sod-2 activity was significantly affected by an interaction between selection group and activity group, with males from selected lines having lower Sod-2 activity relative to control males only in the sedentary treatment.  These negative correlated responses of Sod-2 activity to selection on wheel running are discussed in the context of antagonistic pleiotropy models of aging and with respect to potential effects on lifespan.

Copyright 2002 Nature Publishing Group.